Research Problem in Research Methodology

Research problems are the specific issues, contradictions, or gaps in knowledge that you aim to address in your study. They’re the foundation upon which the entire research project is built, guiding the research questions, objectives, and methodology. Formulating a clear and concise research problem is crucial for the success of any research project, as it sets the direction and focus.

Research Problem in Research Methodology

Research Problem in Research Methodology

Here’s how you might approach identifying and articulating a research problem in research methodology

Understanding the Research Problem


It starts with identifying a broad area of interest, such as social sciences, natural sciences, technology, arts, etc. Within this broad area, you’ll need to narrow down to a specific issue or phenomenon that seems to be problematic or inadequately understood.

Background Research:

Conduct a preliminary literature review to understand what has already been discovered about your area of interest. This can highlight existing gaps in knowledge, conflicting findings, or new questions that have emerged.

Problem Statement:

Articulate the problem in a clear, concise statement. This involves specifying the context of the problem, its significance, and why it is worth investigating. The problem statement should be specific enough to be manageable, yet broad enough to be significant.


Explain why this problem is important to study. This could be due to its implications for theoretical advancements, societal benefits, or addressing a practical gap. Justifying the problem involves demonstrating the relevance and urgency of finding a solution or deeper understanding.

Characteristics of a Good Research Problem

  • The problem is stated clearly and unambiguously, often in the form of a question or a statement that can be tested.
  • The problem can realistically be investigated within the constraints of time, resources, and the researcher’s expertise.
  • Addressing the problem promises to advance knowledge, solve practical issues, or contribute to theoretical development.
  • The problem addresses a gap in the current knowledge or extends existing research in a new direction.
  • The study of the problem adheres to ethical standards in research.

Formulating the Research Problem

  • Broad to Narrow: Start with a broad area and progressively narrow it down to a specific issue that is researchable.
  • Ask Questions: Formulate questions about the issue that are open-ended and can guide your investigation.
  • Objectives and Hypotheses: From the problem statement, derive specific objectives or hypotheses that your research will address.

Common Mistakes

  • Too Broad/Narrow: A problem that is too broad can be unmanageable, while one that’s too narrow might lack significance.
  • Lack of Clarity: Ambiguously stated problems can lead to confusion and ineffective research strategies.
  • Ignoring Literature: Failing to review existing literature can result in overlooking existing solutions or duplicating past research.

The research problem is the cornerstone of any academic inquiry, guiding the methodology and analysis. Careful consideration and formulation of the research problem are essential for a successful study.