Definition of Psychology by Famous Psychologists

Definition of Psychology by Famous Psychologists


Here are some definitions of Psychology by famous psychologists:

Sigmund Freud:

Freud viewed psychology as the study of the unconscious mind. He believed that much of human behavior is influenced by unconscious motives and conflicts, and he defined psychology as a discipline that investigates these hidden forces.

William James:

Often referred to as the father of American psychology, William James defined psychology as “Psychology is the science of mental life, both of its phenomena and their conditions.” (From his book The Principles of Psychology).

He emphasized the importance of studying consciousness and the stream of thought.

John B. Watson:

As a founder of behaviorism, Watson defined psychology as “Psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective, experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior.” (From his article “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It”).

He believed that psychology should focus solely on observable behaviors and not on unobservable internal mental states.

B.F. Skinner:

Another prominent behaviorist, Skinner defined psychology as the study of behavior. He emphasized the importance of studying the relationship between environmental stimuli and behavioral responses.

Carl Rogers:

A leading figure in humanistic psychology, Rogers defined psychology as “Psychology deals with the behavior of human beings and human relationships. It is concerned with the functioning of the individual from infancy to old age, with the interdependence of all behavior, with the conditions under which learning takes place, and with the many influences which affect the individual in his or her relationship to other persons.” (From his book Client-Centered Therapy).

According to hi Psychology is the study of the person. He believed in the importance of understanding individual experiences and the concept of self-actualization.

Jean Piaget:

Known for his work in developmental psychology, Piaget defined psychology as “Psychology is the study of the child’s conception of the world.” (From his book The Child’s Conception of the World).

He focused on how children acquire knowledge and the stages of cognitive development.

Carl Jung:

A prominent figure in analytical psychology, Jung defined psychology as “Psychology is the science of consciousness.” (From his book Psychological Types).

He emphasized the role of archetypes and the collective unconscious in shaping behavior and experiences.

Albert Bandura:

Known for his social learning theory, Bandura defined psychology as “Psychology is the science of human functioning in both its social and cognitive aspects.” (From his work on social learning theory, particularly the book Social Foundations of Thought and Action).

He introduced the concept of reciprocal determinism, emphasizing the interaction between behavior, personal factors, and the environment.

These definitions reflect the diverse perspectives and approaches within the field of psychology, highlighting its complexity and the various dimensions it encompasses.